Amylase

amylase

Amylase

Amylase is an enzyme which breaks down starch and glycogen into reducing fermentable sugars, mainly maltose, and reducing nonfermentable or slowly fermentable dextrins.

In animals the highest concentrations of amylase are found in the saliva and in the pancreas. Salivary amylase is also known as ptyalin and is found in humans, the ape, pig, guinea pig, squirrel, mouse, and rat.

In plants, starch is broken down during the germination of seeds by associated plant enzymes into sugars. These constitute the chief energy source in the early development of the plant